Petroleum extraction and production

A PROBLEM FOR THE ENVIROMENT TRANSFORMED INTO OPPORTUNITY

Presence of “associated oil gas” or “APG” is a problem during mining and oil extraction because any leak may saturate the entire work area.
To eliminate it, it is frequently burned, but it can also present many opportunities if properly controlled and managed; in particular, it can be used to power cogeneration systems and, therefore, contribute to electrical and thermal production.
Electrical energy produced by cogeneration can be used for mining related operations or sold to electricity distribution centers.
Thermal energy can be used for the first phase of oil separation on site and to keep oil fluid, thus making pumping operation easier.

ENERGY PRODUCTION

  • Energy to be sold to the distribution network or for mining and extraction operations.
  • Hot water can be used for extraction operations on site (to separate oil and to keep oil fluid, thus making pumping operation easier).

REFERENCES

Petrom